METAL COMPARISON

The following general metal comparison is intended as a guide only to help you select the optimum metal for your application. Virtually all metals can be woven into wire cloth. For best results, please describe the application on your order or discuss it with one of our sales representatives.

STEEL
Low carbon C1008 is most commonly used. High carbon/hard drawn for high tensile strength and good abrasion resistance.

STAINLESS STEEL
Type 304 - Stainless is the basic alloy of this group and is used extensively in the manufacturing of wire cloth. It contains nominally 18% Chromium and 8% Chromium and 8% Nickel.

Type 316 - with its addition of 2% minimum Molybdenum, it provides considerable increased resistance to certain corrosive media. It also provides increased strength at high temperatures.

Type 304L and 316L - are lower in carbon content and are frequently used to retain corrosion resisting properties after welding.

Type 321 - containing Titanium, is frequently specified where there is a possibility of sensitization with a resulting loss of corrosion resistance.

Type 347 - is for welded assemblies which operate in corrosive environments, and is used to minimize sensitization. Type 347 contains Columbium, which does not volatilize during welding.

Type 430 - Stainless Steel contains 17% nominal Chromium and is more resistant to chemical attack and high temperature scaling. This alloy is magnetic and is not heat treatable.

HEAT RESISTING ALLOYS
High Nickel copper alloys such as Monel and Inconel can withstand temperatures up to 1800 degrees Fahrenheit and resist corro sion in acids, sea water and caustic solutions.

NICKEL
Excellent corrosion resistance in most environments except sulfurous conditions most commonly used in petrochemical and heat treating applications.

ALUMINUM
Light weight, good electrical conductor and resists atmospheric corrosion 5056 alloy is used for higher strength.

COPPER
Good formability with excellent electrical and thermal conductivity resists corrosion from fresh and salt water, alkaline solutions and atmosphere low tensile strength.

BRASS
Most common 80% Copper / 20% Zinc good formability with lower thermal conductivity and higher tensile strength than copper resists corrosion like copper.

BRONZE
Most common 90% copper / 10% zinc better corrosion resistance and lower strength than brass.

RARE METALS
Such asTantalum, Molybdenum, Titanium, Silver and Platinum can be furnished as specified.

APPROXIMATE MAXIMUM
OPERATING TEMPERATURES
Stainless Steel 304 1500 Degrees Fahrenheit
Incoloy 1600 Degrees Fahrenheit
Stainless Steel 330 1650 Degrees Fahrenheit
Nichrome 1700 Degrees Fahrenheit
Inconel 1800 Degrees Fahrenheit
Nichrome V 2000 Degrees Fahrenheit
Nickel 2700 Degrees Fahrenheit
Molybdenum 4700 Degrees Fahrenheit

CORROSION RESISTANCE OF METALS
Brass Copper Inconel Monel Nickel Nichrome Stainless Steel Steel
Alcohol E E E F G G G G
Alkalis F X E E E G E E
Ammonia X X E G F E G G
Amm. Salts X X E F F E F F
Brine G G E E F G X G
Cyanide X X G X F E E G
Hydrochloric F X F G F E X X
Hydrofluoric X F G E F F X X
Nitric X X G X X E E X
Sulphuric F F F G F E X X

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